Cadmium (Cd)

Cadmium (Cd)


Atomic Number: 48

Atomic Weight: 112.414

Melting Point: 594.22 K (321.07°C or 609.93°F)

Boiling Point: 1040 K (767°C or 1413°F)

Density: 8.69 grams per cubic centimeter

Phase at Room Temperature: Solid

Element Classification: Metal

Period Number: 5

Group Number: 12

Group Name: none

Cadmium isotopes are used for many different purposes. Cd-110 is used for the production of the radioisotope In-110, while Cd-112 is used in the production of the widely used diagnostic radioisotope In-111. Cd-108 is used in the production of Cd-109 which is a calibration source for 88 keV gamma radiation. The even numbered Cd isotopes (mainly Cd-110, Cd-112, Cd-114 and Cd-116) are used to improve the power output and coherence length of HeCd lasers.

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