Boron (B)

Boron (B)


Atomic Number: 5

Atomic Weight: 10.811

Melting Point: 2348 K (2075°C or 3767°F)

Boiling Point: 4273 K (4000°C or 7232°F)

Density: 2.37 grams per cubic centimeter

Phase at Room Temperature: Solid

Element Classification: Semi-metal

Period Number: 2

Group Number: 13

Group Name: none


Both isotopes of Boron, B-10 and B-11, are used extensively in the nuclear industry. B-10 is used in the form of boric acid as a chemical shim in pressurized water reactors while in the form of sodium pentaborate it is used for standby liquid control systems in boiling water reactors. B-11 can be used as a neutron reflector. Outside the nuclear industry both isotopes are used as food label to study boron metabolism. B-10 is also used in so-called boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). Both B-10 and B-11 can be used for the production of two radioisotopes: C-11 and N-13.

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